It is general knowledge that fish is one of the highest source of protein. It is common knowledge that fish sells faster than any other animal product in the market. Fish grows very fast and improvised fish farming practices make it possible to speed up this growth by giving certain feeds that will ensure high-yield short-term harvest.
There are lots of information and tutorials on how to start a fish farm, especially catfish farming but they are never detailed enough to really assist aspiring fish farmers to get started. In reality, theoretical skills are inferior to field experience.
If you want to go into fish farming, I will suggest you start with Catfish Farming. Catfish farming is compatible with poultry farming as you can use the poultry drops as feed for your fish – although this feeds will form only part of the staple food.
Fish Farming is very profitable. With proper planning and management, N3 million investment in fish farming could easily result to N4 million of pure profit within six months. The economics of this trade is not the focal point of this article but how to have a successful catfish farming experience. So let’s get right to it.
Golden Rule 1: Choose A Good Location
Location will make your catfish experience a heavenly bliss or a burning hell. You need to be able to access your catfish farm while the ponds are not the source of attraction of human predators. You will need to have well constructed ponds, either earthen (my preference) or concrete ponds but they must be a structure for water inlet and outlet that will not be a threat to the environment or other farms.
Golden Rule 2: Water is Life
Water is important to fish just as oxygen is to man. You need to decide how much water you will need, how much water you have access to on your farm and what will happen to your water source on the long term. Putting your fish in bad water can affect its growth and productivity. So, if your water source is bad, don’t bother starting!
Golden Rule 3: Stock With A Good Breed
It is important to know that the quality of the juveniles stocked has a direct effect on the quantity of the fish to be harvested. Therefore you need to buy or produce the best quality fingerlings/juveniles for stocking production ponds.
Golden Rule 4: Fishes Kill Themselves But Don’t Allow the War
Don’t be mistaken; fishes fight, kill and eat themselves. And they will not tell you when the massacre starts. So, at scheduled periods, sort them by separating the big sharp shooters from the slow and normal growers. Hence, you should have at least two ponds that can house your stock after you sort them.
Golden Rule 5: For Catfish “Newbees” Farmers, Start With Juveniles
Yes, juveniles are more expensive. Yes, you want to conserve funds. Yes, you want to have your own stock of fingerlings. But if you are a first timer into fish farming, start with juveniles. The reason is simple, you will probably not be armed with the skill of taking care of the fingerlings. If you stock at fingerlings stage, you can be assured that you will lose some. The advantage of stocking juveniles is the easy identification of the sharp shooters that will prey on the other fishes.
Golden Rule 6: Cat Fishes Don’t Forgive If You Don’t Feed Them Well
It is not an understatement that feeding will be responsible for over 70% of your expenditure. Frugal spending on feed will have its repercussions on their weight. Feed the fishes with the most cost effective meal and they will reward your diligence and attention to details.
Golden Rule 7: Employ the services of a Professional
Every business requires training and guide to succeed. Get it right the first time by learning the skills from a professional.
So, there you have it, the 7 tips you need for a successful fish farm. Feel free to drop a comment or contact us on any of our social media platforms. Good luck.